The United Nations Project Office on Governance (UNPOG) was established in June 2006 in accordance with the Technical Cooperation Trust Fund Agreement between the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) and the Government of the Republic of Korea through its Ministry of the Interior (MOI), then the Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs (MOGAHA). UNPOG functions under the general auspices of the Division for Public Administration and Development Management (DPADM) of UNDESA

In response to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, UNDESA and MOI have mutually agreed in June 2016 to continue the Phase II of UNPOG from the period of July 2016 until December 2030 after the successful conclusion of Phase I.

During Phase II, in response to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the mandate of UNPOG will be broadened and address the strengthening of the capacities of public administration to translate the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and other internationally agreed goals into institutional arrangements, strategies and programmes at country-level, and implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. A particular focus will be placed on developing countries, least developed countries, land-locked developing countries, small-island developing States and middle-income countries in Asia and the Pacific, as well as other regions around the world. The implementation activities to be undertaken by the Project are clustered under three components: 1) research and policy analysis; 2) capacity development; and 3) Networking and Outreach.