Good Governance

Good governance advances sustainable development for three reasons. First, enjoying political freedom and participating in the decisions that shape one's life are fundamental human rights. Second, good governance helps to protect people from economic and political catastrophes, such as famines, and other crises. Third, good governance can promote sustainable development by empowering citizens to influence policies that promote growth and prosperity and reflect their priorities. The followings are the basic elements of good governance:

Constitutionalism
Guaranteeing separation of powers, checks and balances, and power sharing as well as a generalized societal attitude where both the governors and the governed refer to the constitution as the guiding law, especially in the resolution of conflicting public decisions. Constitutionalism refers to the structural and procedural provisions as well as to the behavioural attitude.
Rule of law
Where every activity, every conflict and every exercise of power respect the provisions of accepted laws, rules and regulations.
Justice
An effective system of justice which is just, fair, and accessible to all, including the poor.
Security of person
This should include security in all its aspects, e.g., food security, job security, social security, etc., to ensure that cosmetic peace which can erupt into violence any time is avoided.
Electoral and participatory democracy
Where the population participates in deciding on their leaders through their voting power and also through their voice in deciding how and with what policies they are led and in determining the direction and quality of their development.
Respect for human rights and basic freedoms of the press, expression, worship, conscience, etc.
Transparency, accountability, ethics and integrity in the conduct of public and private corporate affairs
Accountability from a political, managerial, legal, and moral point of view.
Equity
Both intra and inter-generation encompassing cross-cutting issues of gender equity, environment management, health, and debt management to ensure that the generations of today do not create poor conditions for the generations of tomorrow.
Informed citizenry
Through an effective free media, education, and access to information.
Effective and efficient delivery of public services
These need not be delivered directly by state agents. Other stakeholders from the private and civil society sectors may participate in the delivery.
At least the minimum of a decent standard of living for all
This should be the guiding objective of any act of governance.